Linux is a family of open-source operating systems based on the Linux kernel. Since its inception in the early 1990s, there have been several distributions, or “distros,” of Linux developed, each with its own set of features and goals. In this article, we will discuss the origins of Linux and list some of the best and most popular Linux distros.
Origins of Linux: Linux was created by Linus Torvalds in 1991 as an alternative to proprietary operating systems like Microsoft Windows and Apple’s MacOS. The Linux kernel was released under the GNU General Public License, which allowed anyone to use, modify, and distribute the software freely.
Since the release of the Linux kernel, there have been several distributions, or “distros,” of Linux developed by individuals and organizations around the world. These distros vary in their goals, target audience, and features, and are often designed to meet specific needs or preferences.
List of Best and Popular Linux Distros:
- Ubuntu: Ubuntu is one of the most popular Linux distros, known for its ease of use and user-friendly interface. It is based on Debian and is widely used by developers, businesses, and home users alike.
- Linux Mint: Linux Mint is a popular distro based on Ubuntu that focuses on providing a user-friendly interface and a range of pre-installed software. It is often recommended for beginners and is known for its stability.
- Fedora: Fedora is a community-driven distro that is often used by developers and IT professionals. It is known for its cutting-edge features and its close relationship with the upstream project, Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
- Debian: Debian is one of the oldest and most stable Linux distros, known for its focus on security and stability. It is widely used by developers and businesses and is the base for several other distros, including Ubuntu.
- Arch Linux: Arch Linux is a minimalistic distro that is known for its flexibility and customizability. It is often used by advanced users and developers who want a high degree of control over their system.
- CentOS: CentOS is a community-driven distro that is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. It is often used by businesses and IT professionals who want a stable and reliable platform for their servers.
- OpenSUSE: OpenSUSE is a community-driven distro that is known for its focus on user-friendliness and flexibility. It is often used by developers and businesses and has a strong emphasis on open-source software.
- Kali Linux: Kali Linux is a specialized distro that is designed for penetration testing and cybersecurity. It includes a range of pre-installed tools for hacking and is often used by security professionals.
- Gentoo: Gentoo is a highly customizable distro that is known for its performance and flexibility. It is often used by advanced users who want a high degree of control over their system.
- Manjaro: Manjaro is a user-friendly distro that is based on Arch Linux. It is known for its ease of use and a range of pre-installed software.
- Red Hat: Red Hat is often used by businesses and organizations that require a reliable and secure operating system for their servers and workstations. Red Hat offers a range of enterprise-level features, including support for virtualization, clustering, and high-performance computing.
Overall, Linux provides a range of options for users with different needs and preferences. Whether you’re a developer, a home user, or a business, there is likely a Linux distro that will meet your needs. With its open-source nature and wide range of features and capabilities, Linux is an excellent choice for anyone looking for a reliable and customizable operating system.